The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology, 2022, 4(2); doi: 10.25236/FSST.2022.040207.
Yuan Xuefeng1, Wang Zongyu1, Yin Dehong1,2
1School of Economics, Beijing Wuzi University, Beijing, China
2School of Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
The key to China's victory in the fight against COVID-19 is the Accountability System for officials. The application of the Accountability System has effectively reduced the probability of ineffective performance of duties, neglect of supervision and oversight and dereliction of duty in epidemic prevention and control, played a role in escorting the resumption of work and production under the new normal of epidemic prevention and control. From the perspective of behavioral economics, with the same level of accountability and incentive, the parties are more sensitive to accountability, but the effect of accountability may be temporary. Once accountability stops, the punished behavior may reappear. Incentive can reduce the intrinsic motivation of people's behavior. Accountability and incentives must be used wisely.
COVID-19; Accountability; Incentives; Behavioral economics
Yuan Xuefeng, Wang Zongyu, Yin Dehong. Research on Accountability from the Perspective of Behavioral Economics——Taking COVID-19 as an Example. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 2: 28-36. https://doi.org/10.25236/FSST.2022.040207.
 Xinhua Johns Hopkins University: more than 2 million new crown deaths worldwide [EB / OL] Retrieved from https://www.chinanews.com/gj/2021/01-16/9388619.shtml, 2021-01-16/2021-03-01.
 Asian Development Bank: COVID-19 has caused global economic losses or up to US $8 trillion and 800 billion [EB/OL]. Retrieved from http://www.199it.com/archives/1049815.html , 2020-05-15/2021-03-01.
 The CPC Central Committee Notice of the CPC Central Committee on strengthening the party's leadership and providing a strong political guarantee for winning the war of prevention and control of epidemic situation [n] People's daily, January 29, 2020 (01)
 Locke, J. (1980 ). Two treatises of government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 Montesquieu on the spirit of law [M] Commercial Press, 1982
 G. Shabbir Cheema, Li bailing Strengthening the construction of a clean government: combating corruption with accountability and transparency [J] Comparison of economic and social systems, 2006 (05): 60-65
 Eric Muskin Accountability and constitutional design [J] Comparison, 2011 (05)
 Zhou Huizhong Microeconomics [M] Gezhi publishing house, Shanghai Sanlian bookstore, Shanghai People's publishing house, 2012:30
 Smith A. The Theory of Moral Sentiments[J]. History of Economic Thought Books, 2005.
 Loewenstein,G(1999).Experimental economics from the vantage-point of behavioral economic. Economic Journal Controversy Corner :“What's the use of Experimental economics,” 109, 25-34.
 Edgeworth F Y. Mathematical Psychics[J]. History of Economic Thought Books, 1881.
 Herbert Simon, The cornerstone of modern decision theory [M] Beijing Institute of Economics Press, 1989:82
 Kahneman. D. & Tversky, A. Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk[J]. Econometrica, 1979, 47(2):263-291.
 Schmidt F K M. A Theory of Fairness, Competition, and Cooperation[J]. Cepr Discussion Papers, 1999, 114:817-868.
 Allen, E, Liska. A Critical Examination of Macro Perspectives on Crime Control[J]. Annual Review of Sociology, 1987.
 Sunstein, Cass R., David Schkade, and Daniel Kahneman. Do People Want Optimal Deterrence? [J]. Journal of Legal Studies, 2000:237-253.
 Estes, William K. An experimental study of punishment. [J]. Psychological Monographs, 1944, 57(3):1-40.
 Colin f. Kemole, George Lowenstein, Matthew Rabin New progress in behavioral economics [M] China Renmin University Press, 2010:672674
 Website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission Observation last year, 86000 people were held accountable by discipline inspection and supervision organs across the country [EB / OL] http://www.ccdi.gov.cn/yaowen/202102/t20210203_235313.html, 2021-02-03/2021-03-01.
 Daily economic news Wuhan requires the Secretary of the district Party committee and the head of the district to sign a "letter of responsibility". In case of omissions in epidemic prevention and control, accountability[EB/OL] https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1658982445751410217&wfr=spider&for=pc, 2020-02-20/2021-03-01.
 website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission 16 people in covid-19 Wangkui county were arrested for the new [EB/OL]. epidemic prevention and control of Heilongjiang pneumonia http://www.ccdi.gov.cn/yaowen/202101/t20210119_234212.html, 2021-01-19/2021-0301.
 Yunnan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision Dali City illegally seized and requisitioned epidemic masks and was severely punished [EB/OL] http://ynjjjc.gov.cn/html/2020/yunlingyaowen_0224/81494.html ,2020-02-04/2021-03-01.
 website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission Tianjin is serious about accountability and rectifying formalism and bureaucracy [EB / OL] Retrieved from http://www.ccdi.gov.cn/yaowen/202005/t20200515_217321.html ,2020-05-15/2021-0301.