Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Frontiers in Art Research, 2022, 4(6); doi: 10.25236/FAR.2022.040604.

Musical Composition as a Teaching Tool in Music Teacher Education: A New Perspective


Pang Bo

Corresponding Author:
Pang Bo

College of Music, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China


The term "musical composition" can refer to a new piece of music, how a piece is put together, or how to make a new piece of music from scratch. One of the main ways the interactive musical composition can be used for instruction is when a learner is given control to review the material at their own pace and follow their interests, needs, and cognitive processes. There isn't a big goal of interactive musical composition material to replace teachers. Instead, it aims to change the teacher's role entirely. As a result, a musical composition must be very well thought out and sophisticated to be like the best teacher by incorporating all parts of the cognitive process into its design and a new teaching tool in music teacher education. 


Musical composition, Music Education, Music Teaching tool, Music Teacher Education

Cite This Paper

Pang Bo. Musical Composition as a Teaching Tool in Music Teacher Education: A New Perspective. Frontiers in Art Research (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 6: 16-21. https://doi.org/10.25236/FAR.2022.040604.


[1] Hickey, M. (2003). Creative thinking in the context of music composition. In M. Hickey (Ed.), Why and how to teach music composition: A new horizon for music education, (pp.31-53). Reston, VA: The National Association for Music Education. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com /doi/10.1177/0305735606059103

[2] Gordon, E. E. (2007b). Learning sequences in music: A contemporary music learning theory. Chicago: GIA. Retrieved from https://www.allianceamm.org/resources/gordon/

[3] Major, A. E., & Cottle, M. (2010). Learning and teaching through talk: Music composing in the classroom with children aged six to seven years. British Journal of Music Education, 27(03), 289-304. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1205445.pdf

[4] Schiff, M. S. (2015). A qualitative study of music teachers' beliefs about the teaching of composition (Doctoral dissertation, Boston University, 2015). Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1205445.pdf

[5] Gravetter, F.J. and Forzano, L.-A.B. (2016) Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences. 5th Edition, Cengage, Stamford. Retrieved from https://www.scirp.org/(S (lz5mqp453edsnp55rrgjct55))/ reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=2113235

[6] Hayes, A.F. (2017) Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. Guilford Press, New York. Retrieved from https://www.scirp.org/ (S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkozje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=2277421

[7] Younker, B. A. (2000). Thought processes and strategies of students engaged in music composition. Research Studies in Music Education, 14(1), 24-39. https://doi.org/10.1177/1321103X0001400103

[8] Wilson, S. J., and Wales, R. J. (1995). An exploration of children’s musical compositions. Journal of Research in Music Education, 43(2), 94-111. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/EJ894762.pdf

[9] Hogenes, M., van Oers, B., Diekstra, R. F. W., & Sklad, M. (2016). The effects of music composition as a classroom activity on engagement in music education and academic and music achievement: A quasi-experimental study. International Journal of Music Education, 34(1), 32–48. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761415584296

[10] Burnard, P., & Younker, B. A. (2008). Investigating children’s musical interactions within the activities systems of group composing and arranging: An application of Engeströms Activity Theory. International Journal of Educational Research, 47(1), 60-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijer.2007.11.001

[11] Barrett, M. (2006). ‘Creative collaboration’: An ‘eminence’ study of teaching and learning in music composition. Psychology of Music, 34(2), 195-218. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735606061852

[12] Ringer, A. L. and Crossley-Holland. Peter (2013, September 6). musical composition. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/art/musical-composition

[13] Shouldice, H. N. (2014). Teachers’ beliefs regarding composition in elementary general music: Definitions, values, and impediments. Research Studies in Music Education, 36(2), 215-230. https://doi.org/10.1177/1321103X14556574

[14] Bell, C. L. (2003). Beginning the Dialogue: Teachers Respond to the National Standards in Music. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 156, 31–42. http://www.jstor.org/ stable/ 40319172

[15] Alexander, M. L. (2012). Fearless Improvisation: A Pilot Study to Analyze String Students’ Confidence, Anxiety, and Attitude Toward Learning Improvisation. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 31(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/8755123312457884