Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Academic Journal of Environment & Earth Science, 2022, 4(4); doi: 10.25236/AJEE.2022.040402.

Geochemical Characteristics and Genesis of Majiayao Gold Deposit in Jiaodong


Yu Wang1, Pengrui An1

Corresponding Author:
Yu Wang

1College of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, China


Majiayao Gold Mine, located in Qixia City, Shandong Province, is a quartz vein-type gold deposit. In order to explore the source of the metallogenic materials of the Majiayao gold deposit, the previous experimental results of the pyrite and galena in the Majiayao gold deposit were collected in this paper. The S isotopic results show that the δ34S values of gold-related sulfide in Majiayao gold deposit are 4.4‰~8.8‰, indicating that the ore-forming materials come from the mantle and crust. The metallogenic mechanism of the Majiayao gold deposit is the upwelling of mantle-derived magma, and then exchanges material with the metamorphic rocks of the Jiaodong Group to form ore-forming fluids rich in metamorphic components. The ore-forming fluid migrated upward, the temperature and pressure decreased and the atmospheric water was mixed, and the ore-forming fluid was immiscible, resulting in the precipitation of gold.


Isotopic geochemistry; Ore-forming material; Majiayao gold deposit

Cite This Paper

Yu Wang, Pengrui An. Geochemical Characteristics and Genesis of Majiayao Gold Deposit in Jiaodong. Academic Journal of Environment & Earth Science (2022) Vol. 4 Issue 4: 20-24. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJEE.2022.040402.


[1] Li, S R, Santosh M. Metallogeny and craton destruction: records from the North China Craton [J]. Ore Geol Rev, 2014, 56: 376-414.

[2] Zhai M G, Santosh M. Metallogeny of the North China Craton: link with secular changes in the evolving Earth [J]. Gondwana Res, 2013, 275-297.

[3] Fan H R, Feng K, Li X H, et al. Mesozoic gold mineralization in the Jiaodong and Korean peninsulas [J]. Acta Petrol. Sin, 2016, 32: 3225-3238

[4] Ministry of Natural Resources, PRC. China Mineral Resources 2019[M]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 2019, 1-68

[5] Chen Y J, Pirajno F, Qi J P. Origin of gold metallogeny and sources of ore-forming fluids, Jiaodong Province, Eastern China [J]. International Geology Review, 2005, 47 (5): 530-549

[6] Li L, Santosh M, Li S R. The ‘Jiaodong type’ gold deposits: characteristics, origin and prospecting [J]. Ore Geol Rev, 2015, 65: 589-611

[7] Li S R, Santosh M. Geodynamics of heterogeneous gold mineralization in the North China Craton and its relationship to lithospheric destruction [J]. Gondwana Res, 2017, 50: 267-292

[8] He Tieliang. Geochemical characteristics and genesis of Panjian Gold deposit in Jiaodong [D]. Shandong University of Science and Technology, 2020.

[9] Geng Rui. Geological characteristics and genesis of Shancheng Gold Deposit in Qixia City, Shandong Province [D]. Jilin University, 2012.

[10] Chai P, Hou Z, Zhang H, et al. Geology, fluid inclusion, and H-O–S–Pb isotope constraints on the mineralization of the Xiejiagou gold deposit in the Jiaodong Peninsula. Geofluids. 2019, 1-23.

[11] Goldfarb R J, Groves D I. Orogenic gold: common or evolving fluid and metal sources through time. Lithos, 2015, 233: 2-26.

[12] Deng J, Yang L Q, Groves D I, et al. An integrated mineral system model for the gold deposits of the giant Jiaodong province, eastern China. Earth Sci. Rev., 2020, 208. 

[13] Benning LG, Seward T M. Hydrosulphide complexing of Au (I) in hydrothermal solutions from 150–400°C and 500–1500 bar. Geochim. Cosmochim Acta, 1996, 60: 1849-1871.

[14] Phillips G N, Evans K A. Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature, 2004, 429: 860-863.

[15] Wu J H, Chen Y L, Zheng C Y, et al. Genesis of the Longkou–Tudui gold deposit, Jiaodong Peninsula, eastern China: Constraints from zircon U-Pb dating, fluid inclusion studies and C–H–O–S stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 2021, 139: Part A.

[16] Feng K, Fan H R, Ulrich T, et al. Contribution of Precambrian basements to the Mesozoic ore-fluid system: An illustration using the Majiayao gold deposit, Jiaodong, China. Ore Geology Reviews, 2021, 139: Part A.

[17] Tian Jiepeng. Regional mineralization of Mesozoic gold polymetallic deposits in Qipengfu ore concentration area, Jiaodong [D]. China University of Geosciences (Beijing).2020.

[18] Wang Jialiang. Geological characteristics and mineralization enrichment of Majiayao Gold Deposit in Qixia, Shandong Province [D]. Jilin University, 2013.

[19] Defines P, Harris J W. Sulfide inclusion chemistry and carbon isotopes of african diamonds. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1995, 59(15): 3173-3188.

[20] Hou Minglan, JIANG Shaoyong, Jiang Yaohui, et al. S-pb isotope geochemistry and Rb-Sr isotope chronology of penglai Gold deposit, Jiaodong. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2006, (10): 2525-2533.