Shanshan Song1, Ben Liu2, Haofeng Gao3
1School of Life Sciences, Yulin University, Yulin, Shaanxi, 719000, China
2Zhidan Oilfield Company of Yanchang Oilfield Co., Ltd., Yan'an, 717500, China
3Oil and Gas Evaluation Center of CNPC Logging Co., Ltd., Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710000, China
Mulberry is an important economic tree species. Both leaves and fruits have important economic value, Due to the dry and cold climate conditions in the Mu Us desert, the varieties suitable for cultivation in the Mu Us desert are unique. There are a large area of wild mulberry trees naturally distributed in the Mu Us Desert in Northwest China, through the investigation and selection of mulberry trees in this area, the three excellent clones collected, MWS-1, MWS-2 and MWS-3, were compared with the mulberry variety SX-1 bred in Shaanxi Province for growth, quality and drought resistance etc research. The most suitable mulberry varieties for growing in the Mu Us desert area were screened out. A comparative analysis of the leaves of four mulberry clones was made using the membership function. The leaf quality of the four mulberry clones, according to the average membership function, it can be sorted as MWS-1>SX-1>MWS-2>MWS-3. Through a deeper and more systematic understanding of the biological characteristics of the four clones of mulberry, it provides a strong theoretical support for the production, popularization and application of mulberry in the Mu Us Desert in the future.
mulberry; leaf characteristics; cultivar selection; leaf quality; Mu Us Desert
Shanshan Song, Ben Liu, Haofeng Gao. Characteristics and quality of leaves of different clones of mulberry in the Mu Us Desert. Academic Journal of Environment & Earth Science (2022) Vol. 4 Issue 4: 37-43. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJEE.2022.040405.
 Al-Kirshi R. A., Alimon A, Zulkifli I., et al(2013). Nutrient digestibility of mulberry leaves (Morus alba)[J]. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 12(2).pp64-71
 Broge NH, Mortensen JV(2002). Deriving green crop area index and canopy chlorophyll density of winter wheat from spectral reflectance data[J]. Remote Sensing of Environment, 81(1)pp45-57.
 Daughtry CST, Walthall CL, Kim MS, et al(2000). Estimating Corn Leaf Chlorophyll Concentration from Leaf and Canopy Reflectance[J]. Remote Sensing of Environment, 74(2)pp229-239.
 Dounavi A, Netzer F, Celepirovic N, et al(2016). Genetic and physiological differences of European beech provenances (F. sylvatica L.) exposed to drought stress[J]. Forest Ecology and Management,pp 361:226-236.
 Du Q, Zheng J, Xu Y(2008). Composition of anthocyanins in mulberry and their antioxidant activity[J]. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 21(5):pp390-395.
 Farquhar G. D, Sharkey T. D(1982). Stomatal Conductance and Photosynthesis [J]. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 33(1):pp317-345.
 Flexas J, Diaz-Espejo A, Galmes J, et al(2007). Rapid variations of mesophyll conductance in response to changes in CO2 concentration around leaves [J]. Plant, Cell & Environment, 30(10)pp1284-1298.
 Guha A, Reddy A.R(2014). Leaf gas exchange, water relations and photosystem-II functionality depict anisohydric behavior of drought-stressed mulberry (Morus indica, cv. V1) in the hot semi-arid steppe agroclimate of Southern India [J]. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 209(2)pp142-152.
 Guha A, Sengupta D, Reddy AR(2010). Physiological optimality, allocation trade-offs and antioxidant protection linked to better leaf yield performance in drought exposed mulberry [J]. Journal of the Science of Food & Agriculture, 90(15)pp2649-2659.
 Jiang YB, Huang RZ, Jiang SM, et al(2018). Adsorption of Cd by rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil originating from mulberry field under laboratory condition [J]. International Journal of Phytoremediation,20(4)pp378-383.
 Junior UMDS, Gon•Alves JFDC, Fearnside P M(2013). Measuring the impact of flooding on Amazonian trees: photosynthetic response models for ten species flooded by hydroelectric dams[J]. Trees (Berlin)2, 27(1)pp193-210.
 Li FL, Bao WK, Wu N(2009). Effects of water stress on growth, dry matter allocation and water-use efficiency of a leguminous species,Sophora davidii [J]. Agroforestry Systems, 77(3)pp193-201.
 Liu J, Guo WQ, Shi DC(2010). Seed germination, seedling survival, and physiological response of sunflowers under saline and alkaline conditions [J]. Photosynthetica, 48(2)pp278-286.
 Liu Y, Willison JHM(2013). Prospects for cultivating white mulberry (Morus alba) in the drawdown zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China [J]. Environmental Science & Pollution Research International, 20(10)pp7142-7151.
 Lobo FDA, Barros MPD, Dalmagro HJ, et al(2014). Erratum to: Fitting net photosynthetic light-response curves with Microsoft Excel-a critical look at the models[J]. Photosynthetica, 52(3pp479-480.
 Lu C, Qiu N, Lu Q, et al(2002). Does salt stress lead to increased susceptibility of photosystem II to photoinhibition and changes in photosynthetic pigment composition in halophyte Suaeda salsa grown outdoors[J]. Plant Science (Oxford), 163(5)pp0-1068.
 Mackenzie MD, Schmidt MG, Bedford L(2005). Soil microclimate and nitrogen availability 10 years after mechanical site preparation in northern British Columbia[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(8)pp1854-1866.
 Reed SC, Coe KK, Sparks JP, et al(2012). Changes to dryland rainfall result in rapid moss mortality and altered soil fertility[J]. Nature Climate Change, 2012(2)pp752-755.
 Santos CV(2004). Regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation by salt stress in sunflower leaves[J]. Scientia Horticulturae, 103(1)pp 93-99.
 Sekhar KM, Reddy KS, Reddy AR( 2017). Amelioration of drought-induced negative responses by elevated CO2 in field grown short rotation coppice mulberry (Morus spp.), a potential bio-energy tree crop[J]. Photosynthesis Research, 132(2)pp151-164.
 Shao HB, Chu LY, Jaleel CA, et al(2009). Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globe[J]. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 29(2)pp131-151.
 Strasser B.J (1995)., Strasser R.J. Measuring fast florescence transients to address enviromental questions: The JI Ptest. Photosynthesis: FromLightto Biosphere. Netherland: Kluner Academic Publisher,pp977-980.
 Suh H.J., Noh D.O., Kang C.S., et al(2003). Thermal kinetics of color degradation of mulberry fruit extract [J]. Food/Nahrung, 47(2)pp132-135.