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International Journal of New Developments in Education, 2022, 4(9); doi: 10.25236/IJNDE.2022.040910.

Democratic School Leadership and Personnel Self-Efficacy: A Correlational Study towards a Management Framework


Li Qian1,2

Corresponding Author:
Li Qian

1Adamson University, Manila, Philippines

2Shaoyang University, Shaoyang, China


This quantitative study investigated democratic school leadership and self-efficacy of teaching and non-teaching personnel in a selected university in China.  In this study, democratic school leadership was assessed as a construct of holistic meaning, transforming dialogue, power sharing, and holistic well-being. On the other hand, self-efficacy was treated as a composite of occupational self-efficacy, social self-efficacy and emotional self-efficacy. The study revealed that democratic school leadership is at a moderate level. It also showed that the self-efficacy of the teaching and non-teaching personnel is also at a moderate level. The study also determined whether there was a significant difference in the assessments of democratic school leadership and self-efficacy between the teaching and non-teaching personnel. Correlational test between democratic leadership and self-efficacy was also done. As output of the study, a management framework anchored on democratic leadership was developed.


Democratic School Leadership; Personnel Self-Efficacy; Management Framework

Cite This Paper

Li Qian. Democratic School Leadership and Personnel Self-Efficacy: A Correlational Study towards a Management Framework. International Journal of New Developments in Education (2022) Vol. 4, Issue 9: 60-65. https://doi.org/10.25236/IJNDE.2022.040910.


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