Xin Liu, Shanhu Bao, Fanhao Meng
Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Inner Mongolia Teaching University, Hohhot, China
On the basis of expounding the concepts of virtual water and water footprint, and summarizing the calculation method of water footprint based on the virtual water content of products, taking Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region as an example, the water footprint and its related indices (water scarcity degree) of 12 administrative regions from 1995 to 2020 were calculated. , water resources dependence, water resources self-sufficiency rate and water footprint intensity), analyzed the time series of water footprint and water footprint intensity, and further explored the temporal and spatial differences of water footprint in each administrative region through the water footprint pressure index. The results show that, from the time point of view, the water footprint shows an increasing trend, while the overall water footprint intensity shows a downward trend. There are differences in the degree of dependence and the degree of externalization of the water footprint.
water footprint, water footprint account, water footprint intensity, water resource assessment
Xin Liu, Shanhu Bao, Fanhao Meng. Inner Mongolia Water Footprint Account Accounting and Water Resources Evaluation Analysis. Academic Journal of Environment & Earth Science (2022) Vol. 4 Issue 6: 75-82. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJEE.2022.040610.
 Allan T. Virtual Water: A Long Term Solution for Water Short Middle Eastern Economics [M]. London: University of Leeds, 1997, pp.154-163.
 Chapagain A K, Hoektra A Y. Main Report [C]. Value of Water Research Series No.16.Netherlands, Delft: UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, 2004:1-80.
 Hockstra A Y, Chapagain A K, Alda ya M M et al. The Water Footprint Assessment Manual: Setting the Global Standard [M].New York: Routledge, 2012.
 Falkenmark M. Freshwater as shared between society and ecosystems: From divided approaches to integrated challenges [J]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 2003, 358(1440); 2037-2049.
 Hoekstra A Y, Chapagain A K. Water footprints of nations: Water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern [J]. Water Resources Management, 2007, 21(1):35-48.
 Chapagain A K, Hoekstra A Y. The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in the Netherlands [J]. Ecological Economics, 2007, 64(1):109-118.
 Hoekstra A Y, Chapagain A K. The water footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands: Global water use as a result of domestic consumption of agricultural commodities [J]. Ecological Economics, 2007, 64(1):143-151.
 Hoekstra M A Y. A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products [J].Ecosystems, 2012, 15(3):401-415.