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Frontiers in Educational Research, 2022, 5(13); doi: 10.25236/FER.2022.051301.

LBL + PBL + EBM Teaching Method Can Improve Critical Thinking Ability


Xiaofang Chen1, Jinxiang Ma2

Corresponding Author:
Xiaofang Chen

1Medical Records Management, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, 570300, China

2Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510182, China


Objective: Critical thinking is an essential competency for medical students .The survey’s aims was to explore the influencing factors of critical thinking ability and evaluate the critical thinking ability of medical students under LBL + PBL + EBM method, LBL + PBL method and LBL method, so as to provide theoretical basis for improving the critical thinking ability of medical students and provide data support for the effective implementation of LBL + PBL + EBM teaching method in medical colleges. Methods: Using stratified random cluster sampling method, 1 ~ 2 classes were randomly selected from grade 1 to grade 4 in Guangzhou Medical University. A total of 557 students were surveyed by the critical thinking disposition questionnaire in California. Using SPSS 20.0 statistical software for statistical analysis, statistical methods include : descriptive statistical analysis, t test, analysis of variance. Results: the critical thinking ability scores of medical students from different grades and genders were statistically significant (p<0.05).  With grades ascend, the critical thinking ability gradually decreased (rs = -0.119,p=0.005). The critical thinking ability scores of female was higher than that of male (t = -2.030,p=0.043). Excluding the impact of grades and genders, the critical thinking ability scores of students underwent LBL+PBL+EBM teaching method were higher than that of students underwent LBL (F=10.344,p<0.001).Conclusions: LBL+PBL+EBM teaching method can improve critical thinking ability.


Problem-Based Learning; Lecture-Based Learning; Evidence-Based Medicine; Critical thinking

Cite This Paper

Xiaofang Chen, Jinxiang Ma. LBL + PBL + EBM Teaching Method Can Improve Critical Thinking Ability. Frontiers in Educational Research (2022) Vol. 5, Issue 13: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2022.051301.


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