Welcome to Francis Academic Press

Frontiers in Educational Research, 2022, 5(13); doi: 10.25236/FER.2022.051304.

The Effect of College Students’ Resilience on Self-Consciousness: Based on the Mediation of Self-Esteem and Positive Affect


Yuanhang Ren, Lihong Chen

Corresponding Author:
Yuanhang Ren

Student Affairs Department, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, China


Exploring the effect of college students’ resilience on self-consciousness can enrich the theoretical system of college students’ mental health research, providing theoretical guidance and countermeasures for college students’ psychological health education, further promoting college students to grow up and obtain sound personalities. This study takes self-esteem and positive affect as the mediators, and the related scales of resilience, self-consciousness, self-esteem, and positive affect as the research tool. 586 college students from three different types of universities in the Sichuan-Chongqing area are selected as the sample objects. The structural equation model is used for verification analysis and effect analysis, while the influence model of college students’ resilience on self-consciousness is established, and the following conclusions are drawn: (1) college students’ resilience has a direct positive effect on self-consciousness; (2) the resilience of college students has a positive effect on self-consciousness through the mediation of self-esteem and positive affect, and resilience has a strong direct positive effect on self-esteem; (3) enhancing college students’ self-consciousness with the improvement of resilience as a pointcut is an important part of college students’ psychological health education. 


resilience of college students; psychological health education; self-consciousness; self-esteem; positive affect; structural equation model

Cite This Paper

Yuanhang Ren, Lihong Chen. The Effect of College Students’ Resilience on Self-Consciousness: Based on the Mediation of Self-Esteem and Positive Affect. Frontiers in Educational Research (2022) Vol. 5, Issue 13: 19-26. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.2022.051304.


[1] Pelcovitz, M., & Laitner, C. (2016). Ordinary Magic: Resilience in Development. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(10), 914-915. 

[2] Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: a critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child development, 71(3), 543-562. 

[3] Terrill, A. L., Molton, I. R., Ehde, D. M., Amtmann, D., Bombardier, C. H., Smith, A. E., & Jensen, M. P. (2016). Resilience, age, and perceived symptoms in persons with long-term physical disabilities. Journal of health psychology, 21(5), 640-649.  

[4] Tian, X. H., Liu, C. Q., Zou, G. Y., Li, G. P., Kong, L. H., & Li, P. (2015). Positive resources for combating job burnout among Chinese telephone operators: Resilience and psychological empowerment. Psychiatry Research, 228(3), 411-415.  

[5] Rasheed, S. P., Younas, A., & Sundus, A. (2019). Self-awareness in nursing: A scoping review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28(5-6), 762-774.  

[6] Nie, Y.-G., Li, J.-B., Dou, K., & Situ, Q.-M. (2014). The associations between self-consciousness and internalizing/externalizing problems among Chinese adolescents. Journal of adolescence, 37(5), 505-514. 

[7] Ghorbani, N., Cunningham, C. J. L., & Watson, P. J. (2010). Comparative analysis of integrative self-knowledge, mindfulness, and private self-consciousness in predicting responses to stress in Iran. International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie, 45(2), 147-154. 

[8] Galatzer-Levy, I. R., Burton, C. L., & Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Coping Flexibility, Potentially Traumatic Life Events, and Resilience: A Prospective Study of College Student Adjustment. J Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31(6), 542-567. 

[9] Hartley, M. T. (2011). Examining the relationships between resilience, mental health, and academic persistence in undergraduate college students. Journal of American college health, 59(7), 596-604. 

[10] Xia, M. X. (2011). Lack of Self-Awareness in College Students and Its Adaptation. International Conference on Economic, Education and Management, Macao, PEOPLES R CHINA.

[11] Fu, C., Leoutsakos, J. M., & Underwood, C. (2014). An examination of resilience cross-culturally in child and adolescent survivors of the 2008 China earthquake using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Journal of Affective Disorders, 155, 149-153. 

[12] Arslan, G. (2016). Psychological maltreatment, emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents: The mediating role of resilience and self-esteem. Child abuse & neglect, 52(11), 200-209. 

[13] Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., & Collins, N. L. (2006). Optimizing assurance: the risk regulation system in relationships. Psychological bulletin, 132(5), 641-666. 

[14] Kim, E. S., Hong, Y. J., Kim, M., Kim, E. J., & Kim, J. J. (2019). Relationship between Self-Esteem and Self-Consciousness in Adolescents: An Eye-Tracking Study. Psychiatry Investigation, 16(4), 306-313. 

[15] Gazelle, G., Liebschutz, J. M., & Riess, H. (2015). Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(4), 508-513.