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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2022, 5(16); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2022.051608.

Comparisons of Darwin and Wallace's Theories of Natural Selection


Cai He

Corresponding Author:
Cai He

Keystone Academy, Beijing, China


Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace have different views on the analogy between natural and artificial selection. Darwin thought about the mechanism of species change by investigating the variation of animals and plants in the domesticated state. Wallace also believed in evolution during his field trip, but he was not interested in the experiment in domestication and firmly denied that artificial selection could be comparable to natural processes. There are also very different views on the dimorphisms of males in animals on both sides. Darwin admitted that natural selection failed to explain the apparently meaningless luxury of the "dazzling tail of the male peacock". He also believed that certain traits are not fought for survival but to reproduce more offspring. With regard to the origin of man, Darwin insisted on the validity of natural selection, which he believed was the result of human evolution, both physically and intellectually and morally. In contrast, Wallace believes that natural selection cannot explain the origin of advanced human intelligence and that it was after a study of divine phenomena that Wallace has found reliable evidence to solve the problem.


Darwin; Wallace; Natural selection; Secondary sexual characteristics; Human origin

Cite This Paper

Cai He. Comparisons of Darwin and Wallace's Theories of Natural Selection. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2022) Vol. 5, Issue 16: 49-54. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2022.051608.


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