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Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 2023, 6(4); doi: 10.25236/AJHSS.2023.060414.

A multi-species ethnographic perspective on urban human-wildlife relationships—A comparative study of stray cats and wild raccoon dogs in Shanghai city


Yang Xuanyu, Zeng Xiaoyu

Corresponding Author:
​Yang Xuanyu

School of Ethnology and Sociology, Southwest Minzu Institute, Chengdu, Sichuan, China


Referring to the modern cities, most people may think of "industry", "traffic", "buildings", and "population gathering". The city seems to have become the domain of human beings, but in fact, there are many kinds of animals living in the gaps between skyscrapers. From homeless stray animals to wildlife such as foxes and raccoon dogs that appear unexpectedly, how to deal with the human-animal relationship is an important part of urban management. In the face of different animals, citizens have adopted different attitudes, including the kindness towards stray animals and the detachment of wild animals. Such different attitudes reflect the divergent status of animals in the urban order. Understanding the reasons for different attitudes is both a central part of the inquiry into human-animal relationship, and can provide ideas for wildlife management. As an emerging field, multi-species ethnography has opened up a new perspective on human-animal relationship, and can better analyze the participation of animals in human society.


Multi-species ethnography; Stray cat; Raccoon dog; Wildlife management; Human-animal relationship; Privileged animal

Cite This Paper

Yang Xuanyu, Zeng Xiaoyu. A multi-species ethnographic perspective on urban human-wildlife relationships—A comparative study of stray cats and wild raccoon dogs in Shanghai city. Academic Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (2023) Vol. 6, Issue 4: 73-78. https://doi.org/10.25236/AJHSS.2023.060414.


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