Wenpu Wang1,*, Wei Lin2
1. Foreign Languages Department, Chengdu Technological University, Chengdu 611730, China
2.Foreign Languages Department, Chengdu Technological University, Chengdu, China
Working memory capacity, commonly believed to be much related to reading ability, has been looked into by previous studies in its positive relationship with L1 reading ability. Whereas, more recent studies explored its relationship with L2 reading ability. Through the a review of the recent studies into the relationship between working memory capacity and L2 reading ability from the perspectives of measurement instruments, test performance scoring, interaction and manipulation of other factors, this paper tries to reveal the findings, complexities, and direction for future research.
Working memory, L2 reading ability, measurement
Wenpu Wang, Wei Lin, Recent studies into working memory capacity and L2 reading comprehension (2019) Vol. 2 Issue 2: 170-175. https://doi.org/10.25236/FER.033025.
 Grabe W P, Stoller F L(2013). Teaching and researching: Reading. Routledge.
 Baddeley A(2000). The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory? Trends in cognitive sciences, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 417-423.
 Daneman M, Green I(1986). Individual differences in comprehending and producing words in context. Journal of memory and language, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 1-18.
 Waters G S, Caplan D(1996). The measurement of verbal working memory capacity and its relation to reading comprehension. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 51-79.
 Just M A, Carpenter P A(2002). A capacity theory of comprehension: Individual differences in working memory,
 Alptekin C, Erçetin G(2009). Assessing the relationship of working memory to L2 reading: Does the nature of comprehension process and reading span task make a difference? System, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 627-639.
 Alptekin C, Erçetin G(2010). The role of L1 and L2 working memory in literal and inferential comprehension in L2 reading. Journal of Research in Reading, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 206-219.
 Alptekin C, Erçetin G(2011). Effects of working memory capacity and content familiarity on literal and inferential comprehension in L2 reading. TESOL quarterly, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 235-266.
 Erçetin G, Alptekin C(2013). The explicit/implicit knowledge distinction and working memory: Implications for second-language reading comprehension. Applied Psycholinguistics, vol.34, no.4, pp. 727-753.
 Van Dyke J A, Johns C L, Kukona A(2014). Low working memory capacity is only spuriously related to poor reading comprehension. Cognition, vol.131, no.3, pp. 373-403.
 Koda K(2005). Insights into second language reading: A cross-linguistic approach. Cambridge University Press.
 Daneman M, Carpenter P A(1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of verbal learning and verbal behavior, vol.19, no.4, pp. 450-466.
 Osaka M, Osaka N, Groner R(1993). Language-independent working memory: Evidence from German and French reading span tests. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 117-118.
 Walter C(2004). Transfer of reading comprehension skills to L2 is linked to mental representations of text and to L2 working memory. Applied Linguistics, vol.25, no. 3, pp. 315-339.
 Huang S, Liu C(2013). Working Memory and Thematic Inference Processing in L2 Narrative Comprehension. Asian Journal of English Language Teaching, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 19-36.
 Leeser M J(2007). Learner‐based factors in L2 reading comprehension and processing grammatical form: Topic familiarity and working memory. Language learning, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 229-270.
 Chun D M, Payne J S(2004). What makes students click: Working memory and look-up behavior. System, vol.32, no. 4, pp. 481-503.
 Rai M K, Loschky L C, Harris R J, et al(2011). Effects of stress and working memory capacity on foreign language readers’ inferential processing during comprehension. Language Learning, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 187-218.
 Hannon B(2012). Understanding the relative contributions of lower‐level word processes, higher‐level processes, and working memory to reading comprehension performance in proficient adult readers. Reading Research Quarterly, vol.47, no. 2, pp. 125-152.
 Bartlett F C(1932). Remembering: An experimental and social study. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
 Adams R, Shahnazari-Dorcheh M(2014). The relationship between working memory and L2 reading comprehension. Applied Research on English Language, vol.3, no. 6, pp. 19-34.
 Purpura, J. E. Writing Items and Tasks. In Kunnan, A. J. (Eds.) (2014), The Companion to Language Assessment (1st ed). Wiley-Blackwell.
 Osaka M, Osaka N, Groner R(1993). Language-independent working memory: Evidence from German and French reading span tests. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, vol.31, no. 2, pp. 117-118.
 Pae H K, Sevcik R A(2017). The role of verbal working memory in second language reading fluency and comprehension: A comparison of English and Korean. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, vol.4, no. 1, pp. 47-65.